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     INFORMATIVE VIDEOS: 
    
Facing Circumcision  Eight Physicians Tell Their Stories
     Restoration in Focus  
Instructional Video for Foreskin Restoration
     They Cut Babies, Don't They?  
One Man's Struggle Against Circumcision
     Whose Body, Whose Rights?   Award-winning documentary seen on PBS!

THE BOOK THAT EXPOSES IT ALL: 
    
Circumcision Exposed
Rethinking a Medical and
Cultural Tradition

FORESKIN RESTORATION with:
The P.U.D.  new low pricing!
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Male Genital Mutilation (Circumcision)
A Feminist Study of a Muted Gender Issue

Seham Abd el Salam ©
Cairo, June 1999
B.Sc in Medicine, Graduate Diploma in Medicine, Graduate Diploma in Art Criticism,
MA Anthropology

Post masters Fellowship Research - Supervisor: Professor Cynthia Nelson
American University in Cairo, School of Humanities,
Sociology, Anthropology, Psychology and Egyptology Department

English Version translated by: Azza Ali (Ph. D) and Seham Abd el Salam

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Bibliography

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  Aldeeb Abu-Sahlieh, Sami. 1999: Male and Female Circumcision Among Jews, Christians and Muslims: Religious Debate (khitaan al-zukuur wal-inaath ‘and yahud, wal-masihiyyin wal-muslimin: al gadal al din), Riyad El-Rayyes, Beirut, 2000.

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  Denniston, George C. 1994: "Iatrogenic epidemic". Paper presented to the Third International Symposium on Circumcision. May 22-35 1994. University of Maryland College Park, Maryland.

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  Goldman, Ronald. 1997: Circumcision The Hidden Trauma: How an American Cultural Practice Affects Infants and Ultimately Us All. Boston: Vanguard Publications.

  Goldman, Ronald. 1999: "The Psychological Impact of Circumcision". The British Journal of Urology. Vol. 83. supplement 1. January 1999. Pp:93-102. Reproduced at website: http://www.cirp.org/library/psych/goldman1/

  Gollahar, David L. 1994: "From Ritual to Science: The Medical Transformation of Circumcision in America". Journal of Social History. Fall 1994: 5-36. Reproduced at website: http://www.cirp.org/library/history/gollaher/

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  Gunnar, M. et. Al., 1985: "Coping with Adversive Stimulation in the Neonatal Period: Quite Sleep and Plasma Cortisol Levels During Recovery from Circumcision". Child Development. 56 (1985): 824-834. Reproduced at website: http://www.cirp.org/library/pain/gunnar1985/

  Gunnar, M. et. Al., 1988: "Adrenocortical Activity and Behavioral Distress in Human Newborns". Developmental Psychobiology. 21(1988): 297-310. Reproduced at website: http://www.cirp.org/library/pain/gunnar1988/

  Hammond, Tim. 1997: "Long Term Consequences of Neonatal Circumcision: A Preliminary Poll of Circumcised Males". In Denniston, George (ed.). 1997. Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy. New York: Plenum. Pp: 125-129.

  Hammond, Tim. 1998: "Why Masters and Johnsons’ 1966 Circumcision Study is Flawed". http://www.noharmm.org/masters.htm

  Hammond, Tim. 1999: "A Preliminary Poll of Men Circumcised in Infancy or Childhood". The British Journal of Urology. Vol. 83. Supplement 1. January 1999. Pp: 85-92.
Reproduced on website: http://www.noharmm.org/bju.htm

  Hastings, James; et.al. 1980: "Circumcision". In Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. Vol. 3. Edinburgh: Clark.

  Hatem, Mervat. 1986: "The Enduring Alliance of Nationalism and Patriarchy". Feminist Issues. Spring 1986, 6(1): 20-43.

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[see similar article: Immerman, Ronald S. and Wade C. Mackey. 1998. "A Proposed Relationship Between Circumcision and Neural Reorganization". Journal of Genetic Psychology, Volume 159, Number 3, Pages 367-378, September 1, 1998. Reproduced at website: http://www.cirp.org/library/psych/immerman1/ ]

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  Al Khashaba, Ghattas Abd el Malek. 1999: Israel’s Children’s trip to and Exodus from Pharonic Egypt "Rehlet Bani Israel Ila Misr Al Freoneya Wal Khroug. Cairo: Dar al Hilal.

  Kennedy, John G. 1970: Circumcision and Excision in Egyptian Nubia, Man, Vol. 5, No. 2, June 1970, pp. 175-191.

  Lennon, Kathleen, and Margaret Whitford (eds.) 1994: Knowing the difference: Feminist Perspectives in Epistemology. London: Routledge.

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  Lightfoot-Klein, Hanny. 1994: "Erroneous Belief Systems Underlying Female Genital Mutilation in sub-Saharan Africa and Male Neonatal Circumcision in the United States: a Brief Report Updated". Paper presented to the Third International Symposium on Circumcision. May 22-35 1994. University of Maryland College Park, Maryland.

  Lightfoot-Klein, Hanny. 1997: "Similarities in Attitudes and Misconceptions about Male and Female Sexual Mutilations". In Denniston, George C. and Marilyn Fayre Milos (eds.) 1997. Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.

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  Mackie, Gerry. 1996: "Ending Foot-binding and Infibulation: A Convention Account. American Sociological Review. Vol. 61: 999-1017.

  Martin, Patricia Yancey. 1998: "Why Can’t a Man Be More Like a Woman?: Reflections on Connell’s Masculinities". In "Symposium on R. W. Connell’s Masculinities. Gender & Society, Vol. 12, No. 4 August 1998.: 472-474.

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  Meillassoux. Claude. 1972: "From Reproduction to Production: A Marxist Approach to Economic Anthropology". Economy and Society, 1(1): 93-105 (1972).

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  Taylor, J.R., A.P. Lockwood and A.J. Taylor. 1996: "The Prepuce: Specialized Mucosa of the Penis and its Loss to Circumcision". British Journal of Urology. 1996, 77: 291-295. Reproduced on website http://www.cirp.org/library/anatomy/taylor/

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  Voskuil, Duane. 1994: "From Genetic Cosmology to Genital cosmetics: Origin theory of the Righting Rite of Male circumcision. A paper presented to the Third International Symposium on Circumcision. University of Maryland college Park, Maryland. May 22-25 1994.

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  Wright, Joyce. 1970: "How Smegma Serves the Penis". Sexology. (New York), Vol. 37, no. 2: 50 -53. Sept. 1970. Reproduced on website: http://www.cirp.org/library/normal/wright/

  El Zanaty, Fatma; et. Al. 1996: Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 1995. National Population Council. Cairo.

  Zoske, Joseph. 1998: "Male Circumcision: A Gender Perspective". The Journal of Men’s Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2, Winter 1998. Pp:189-208. Reproduced on website: http://www.noharmm.org/zoske.htm

  Zwang. Gerard. 1997: "Functional and Erotic Consequences of Sexual Mutilations". In:Denniston, George C. and Marilyn Fayre Milos (eds.) 1997. Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.

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