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Facing Circumcision  Eight Physicians Tell Their Stories
     Restoration in Focus  
Instructional Video for Foreskin Restoration
     They Cut Babies, Don't They?  
One Man's Struggle Against Circumcision
     Whose Body, Whose Rights?   Award-winning documentary seen on PBS!

Circumcision Exposed
Rethinking a Medical and
Cultural Tradition

The P.U.D.  new low pricing!
and The VacuTrac at special pricing!
plus the Foreballs device


Related Pages: Male & Female Circumcision

NOTE: Links with a right-facing blue arrow will take you off this site.

Anatomy and Function     Commentary    Ethics, Law, Human Rights    Religion     Science and Sociology     Statistics

[Historical articles about female circumcision is U.S. medicine can be found below under Science and Sociology.]


Anatomy and Function

  Anatomy and Functions of the Male Foreskin - color photos (Milos and Macris/1994)
  Circumcision Cuts Penis Sensitivity BJU International 2007
  Circumcision Reversal Gains in Popularity (New Mexican/Nov. 29, 1996)
The Foreskin Advantage
  The Foreskin is Necessary (Fleiss/1997)
  How to Identify Circumcision Damage in the Adult Male - photos

  Not a "Snip," But 15 Square Inches
  Similarities in Male and Female Genital Anatomy - sketches (Ritter/1996)
  Why Masters & Johnson's 1966 Circumcision Study is Flawed (Hammond/1998)
Anatomy of the Penis and Mechanics of Intercourse - sketches
Functions of the Intact Penis - color photos
 The Prepuce: Specialized Mucosa of the Penis and its Loss to Circumcision - color photos (Taylor/1996)
Reclaiming Their Birthright ( [If unavailable, go to:]


  Banished Knowledge: Facing Childhood Injuries (Miller/1990)
  Circumcised Men Want it All Back (Cole/1997)
  Circumcision Fact Sheet
  Circumcision in America (Ollivier/1998)
  Circumcision Rituals Cause Illness, Death (Taylor/1995)
  Common Ground: An Interview with Shamis Dirir (1997)
  Common Denominators between Male and Female "Circumcision"
  Community at Odds about Circumcision (Kobue/1994)
  Court Issues Warrant for Circumcisor Over Deaths (Musisi/1998)
  Cycle of Abuse: Faces of Circumcision  A photo montage of male genital cutting rituals
  Expression of Outrage over Circumcision (Capuzzo/1994)
  Horror End to Tribal Rituals (Callinan/1996)
  How is Female Circumcision Trivialized?
  Is Circumcision Correct for Newborn Boys? (Cole/1993)
  Male Circumcision as a Feminist Issue (Romberg)
  Male Circumcision is a Feminist Issue Too (Bone/1994)
  NOHARMM Stands in Solidarity with Women in the Fight Against FGM
  Raising Our Sons Intact: Support from Circumcised Fathers of Intact Sons
  Shock Claims on School for Circumcision (Mothibeli/1994)
  Vaccination and Infant Circumcision are Not Comparable
  Where Sex and Violence Meet (Solomon/1995)
  What have FGC opponents stated publicly about male genital cutting?
  When Do You Want Your Sons Circumcised? (Mason/1999)
Differences between Male and Female Circumcision (Aldeeb/1995)
Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa
Similarities in Attitudes and Misconceptions toward Male Circumcision in North America and Ritual FGM in Africa

Ethics, Law and Human Rights

  Advance Child Rights to Body Ownership and Self-Determination
  Advocacy: Rhetoric or Practice (Phillips/1994)
  Are Baby Boys Entitled to the Same Protection as Baby Girls Regarding Genital Mutilation? (Baer/1996)
  Circumcised Boys May Sue (Health law Update/1996)
  Circumcision is assault, ethicist says (Montreal Gazette/1997)
  Circumcision: The Legal and Constitutional Issues (Bonner/1989)
  The cruel cut that ruined a man's life (Sunday Times/1999)
  Deconstructing Circumcision (Delano/1999)
  Excerpts from Article on Female Circumcision Relevant to Male Circumcision (Toubia/1994)
  Female Genital Mutilation: A Radio Interview with Dr. Nahid Toubia (1996)
  From Health or Human Rights to Health and Human Rights: Where Do We Go From Here? (Toubia/1995)
  Infant Male Circumcision: Examining the Human Rights and Constitutional Issues (Svoboda/1996)
  Looking Like Daddy? To What Extent?
  Looking Like Mommy? Labiasplasty Dilemma (Globe & Mail/1998)
  Male Genital Mutilation (Circumcision) A Feminist Study of a Muted Gender Issue (Post masters Fellowship Research by Seham Abd el Salam - Cairo, Egypt - June, 1999) 
  Primum Non Nocere: "First Do No Harm" - An Ethical Reflection on Infant Male Circumcision (Durnford/1996)
  Religious Exemptions from Child Abuse Statutes (American Academy of Pediatrics/1988)
  Tide is Turning Against Circumcision (Griffiths/1999)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)Circumcision and the Code of Ethics (Denniston/1996)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)Circumcision: Medical or Human Rights Issue? (Milos-Macris/1992)
Global Survey of Circumcision Harm (2012 to present)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)Involuntary Circumcision: The Legal Issues (Van Howe, Svoboda, Dwyer & Price/1999)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)Justifying the Unjustifiable: Rite v. Wrong (Chessler/1997)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)The Right to Our Own Bodies (Hodges/1995)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)Valencia Declaration on Sexual Rights (XIII World Congress on Sexology/1997)



  Circumcision and the Christian Parent (Romberg/1985)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)  The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons): Scriptural Advice on Circumcision
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)  The Holy Bible, circumcision, false prophets, and Christian parents (George Hill)
Global Survey of Circumcision Harm (2012 to present)


  Knife Edge of Manhood Independent on Sunday/London, 1995
  Male Genital Mutilation (Circumcision) A Feminist Study of a Muted Gender Issue (Post masters Fellowship Research by Seham Abd el Salam - Cairo, Egypt - June, 1999) 
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes) Circumcision - Does the Qur'an Approve it? (
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes) Cyber Mosque: Circumcision Page (progressive Moslem perspective on male/female circumcision)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes) To Mutilate in the Name of Jehovah or Allah: Legitimization of Male and Female Circumcision (Aldeeb/1994)
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes) Muslims' Genitalia in the Hands of the Clergy (Sami A. Aldeeb Abu-Sahlieh/August, 1998)
Global Survey of Circumcision Harm (2012 to present)


  Being Rational about Circumcision and Jewish Observance (Rothenberg/1989)
  Change Without Denigration: Addressing Anti-Semitism
  Circumcision Choices (Bertschinger/1991)
  Circumcision: A Jewish Feminist Perspective (Pollack/1995)
  Circumcision no longer automatic in Jewish households Grand Rapids Press May 2, 1998
  Dr. Ron Goldman on Circumcision (Baltimore Jewish Times/1997)
  Jewish - With a Difference (NY Daily News/1997)
  Maverick Mohel: Moshe Rothenberg (Village Voice/1998)
  A Mother Questions Brit Milla (Karsenty/1988)
  A Non-Traditional "Circumcision" Ceremony (Hills/1987)
  My Story of Ritual Abuse (Traiman/1994)
Global Survey of Circumcision Harm (2012 to present)

Science and Sociology

  Circumcision of the Female (McDonald/1958)
  Female Circumcision: Indications and a New Technique (Rathmann/1959)
  Circumcision in the Female: Its Necessity and How to Perform It (Dawson/1915)
  FGM and the Responsibility of Reproductive Health Professionals (Toubia/1994)
  Genital Pain vs. Genital Pleasure: Why the One and Not the Other? (Prescott/1989)
  Geography of Genital Mutilations (DeMeo/1989)
  Male Circumcision: A Gender Perspective (Zoske/1998)
  Male Genital Mutilation (Circumcision) A Feminist Study of a Muted Gender Issue (Post masters Fellowship Research by Seham Abd el Salam - Cairo, Egypt - June, 1999) 
  The Ritual of Circumcision (Paige/1978)
  A Short History of Circumcision in North America: In the Physicians' Own Words
Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes) Circumcision and HIV infection: Review of the literature and meta-analysis (Van Howe/1999)
FGM Research Home Page
Global Survey of Circumcision Harm (2012 to present)
The Universality of Incest (DeMause/1991)

Statistics: Scope of the Problem and Complications

  Awakenings: A Preliminary Poll of Circumcised Males (Full Report order form)
  Body Image Surveys Examine Men's (Dis)Satisfaction with Circumcision (1989, 1992, 1996)
  Child Victims of Genital Mutilation: Rates & Ratios
  Estimated U.S. Incidence of Neonatal Circumcision Complications (1940-1990)
  Estimated Worldwide Incidence of Male Circumcision Complications (1994)
  Harm Documentation Form
  Preliminary Poll of Men Circumcised in Infancy or Childhood (BJU International/1999)
  The Problem of Circumcision in America (Snyder/1989)
  Religious & Belief Populations of the World
  Statistics on Human Genital Mutilation
Global Survey of Circumcision Harm (2012 to present)
The Effect of Male Circumcision on the Sexual Enjoyment of the Female Partner (O'Hara/1999) 

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